A review of the current state of knowledge on sex differences in sleep and circadian phenotypes in rodents
- Chez les rongeurs, les mâles passent moins de temps éveillés et plus de temps en NREMS que les femelles.
- La récupération de la privation de sommeil dépend également du sexe biologique.
- Les hormones gonadiques modulent le sommeil et les phénotypes circadiens chez les rongeurs.
- Une comparaison plus systématique du sexe dans la recherche fondamentale sur le sommeil/le rythme circadien est nécessaire.
Sleep is a vital part of our lives as it is required to maintain health and optimal cognition. In humans, sex differences are relatively well-established for many sleep phenotypes. However, precise differences in sleep phenotypes between male and female rodents are less documented. The main goal of this article is to review sex differences in sleep architecture and electroencephalographic (EEG) activity during wakefulness and sleep in rodents. The effects of acute sleep deprivation on sleep duration and EEG activity in male and female rodents will also be covered, in addition to sex differences in specific circadian phenotypes. When possible, the contribution of the female estrous cycle to the observed differences between males and females will be described. In general, male rodents spend more time in non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREMS) in comparison to females, while other differences between sexes in sleep phenotypes are species- and estrous cycle phase-dependent. Altogether, the review illustrates the need for a sex-based perspective in basic sleep and circadian research, including the consideration of sex chromosomes and gonadal hormones in sleep and circadian phenotypes.Lire l'article